Means of individual counteraction to domestic violence against pregnant women
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Violence against a pregnant woman affects not only her but also the child, the woman is unable to resist properly. The purpose of the study was to develop the universal means of individual counteraction to domestic violence against pregnant women. The research work was carried out in stages based on the logic of the presentation of the material to achieve the goals and objectives that are set in the article. The study used statistics on domestic violence against women in Ukraine. The authors used the methods of selection and sampling, the method of systematic and pragmatic approach, the method of descriptive statistics. The main results of the study are: comparison of statistics on cases of domestic violence against pregnant women in certain countries; identifying types of domestic violence against pregnant women and its possible consequences for the health; establishing the causes of latency for domestic violence; determining the range of individuals that a pregnant woman can apply to in case of domestic violence; offering generalized tools of counteraction to domestic violence at the state level. It is suggested that the main means of individual counteraction to domestic violence against pregnant women are overcoming silence about such cases; overcoming the legal nihilism; information direction of work, which should consist the explaining to a pregnant woman what domestic violence is and the algorithm of response to it; preventive work with pregnant women and men; establishing compliance of state legislation with international regulations; legislative regulation of actions of medical workers in case of detection of the fact of domestic violence against a pregnant woman.